Preventive Behaviour of Adults and Its Predictors in Response to COVID-19 Pandemic in Rural Bangladesh: Findings from a Community Survey

Authors

  • Md Ashraful Alam Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Md Nazmul Haque Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Shuvashis Saha Center for Integrated Social Development (CISD), Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Halima Sultana Haque Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Afrin Ahmed Clara North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Yesmin Sultana Center for Integrated Social Development (CISD), Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bmrcb.v47i1.55805

Keywords:

COVID-19, Prevention, Predictor, Rural adult

Abstract

Background: Bangladesh with its large population is highly vulnerable to the devastating blows of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and rural people are more at risks due to demographic characteristics and unequal health facilities. Currently, focuses are more on testing and clinical management of COVID-19 but initiatives or innovations on behavioural changes are almost unseen to prevent the spread of the disease which is more urgent until getting specific treatment or vaccine.

Objective: The study was aimed to determine significant predictors in the preventive health practices during COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: The study was conducted among 810 rural adults of Bangladesh in 2020. Multistage sampling method was done and data were collected through face-to-face interview using a pretested questionnaire. Significant factors of COVID-19 prevention behaviour were determined through hierarchical regression and path relationships were explained through causal model.

Results: Almost half of the rural adults showed poor COVID-19 prevention behaviour during the pandemic crisis. Poor knowledge and attitude regarding COVID-19 prevention were also common scenarios in rural areas. Majority of the rural adults were not well motivated and lack of seriousness made them more vulnerable for COVID-19. Socio-demographic and regional variation showed significance predicting health practices of rural adults regarding COVID-19 prevention. Information, attitude, motivation and intention were also found significant in hierarchical regression to predict the outcome. The causal model of preventive health behaviour was justified through all the significant direct and indirect path relationships (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Socio-economic disparity should be reduced for behavioural changes of rural adults to ensure healthy practices during the pandemic. This study has great implications regarding designing health programs by emphasizing significant predictors to improve community behaviour to prevent the spread of coronavirus.

Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 2021; 47(1): 9-16

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Published

2022-05-17

How to Cite

Alam, M. A. ., Haque, M. N. ., Saha, S. ., Haque, H. S., Clara, A. A. ., & Sultana, Y. (2022). Preventive Behaviour of Adults and Its Predictors in Response to COVID-19 Pandemic in Rural Bangladesh: Findings from a Community Survey. Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin, 47(1), 9–16. https://doi.org/10.3329/bmrcb.v47i1.55805

Issue

Section

Research Papers