Non-communicable diseases: Awareness among secondary school children
Awareness on NCDs
Keywords:Non-communicable diseases, Risk factors, Sustainable Development Goals, School health programme
Background: Globally, two third of world’s deaths are due to non communicable diseases (NCDs). Preventable risk factors of NCDs are associated with life style modification and behaviour pattern which are largely dependent on the practices adopted in younger age.
Objective: This was an exploratory type of cross-sectional study using mixed method (Quantitative and Qualitative) approach.
Methods: The study was conducted in randomly selected four schools in two divisions of the country in two randomly se lected Upazilas. Data were generated using pretested structured questionnaire & by Focus Group Discussion (FGDs). This was an exploratory type of cross-sectional study using mixed method (Quantitative and Qualitative) approach.
Results: In this study about 54.0% respondents were found above 15 years of age with a mean of 14.1 years ± 1.66. Among the respondents 58.04% were male and 41.96% were female. The study revealed that the respondents had family history of diabetes, hypertension, and use of tobacco among 40.2%, 44.5%, and 34.7% respectively. The respondents (79.9%) generally were aware about NCDs, however (20.1%) were unaware too. The various aspects of the level of knowledge on NCDs, risk factors and their information sources were agreed upon among by 60-85% respondents. More than 70.0% respondents were aware and agreed upon about the complications of NCDs as heart disease, stroke, blindness, paralysis, kidney disease and liver diseases in particular. In response to attitude towards prevention 65-80% respondents had the positive attitudes towards the different aspect of NCDs prevention. However, it was negative in regard to daily dietary inclusion of vegetables; homeopathic and ayurbedic medicine for NCDs treatment options to about 40-70% respondents respectively.
Conclusion: This study finding highlights the needs for developing strategies in building and implementing awareness among school children at large under existing school health programme of the country towards NCDs prevention and control.
Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 2021; 47(3): 273-279
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Copyright (c) 2022 Md Mahfuzar Rahman, Md Atiqur Rahman, Abu Kawser Sarker, Md Abu Rayhan Miah
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