Parasite Diversity and Histopathological Changes Due to Infection on Three Croakers (Pennahia Anea, Panna Microdon and Johnius Argentatus) of Saint Martin’s Island, Bay of Bengal

Authors

  • Subrina Sehrina Department of Zoology, Faculty of Life and Earth Science, Jagannath University, Dhaka 1100, Bangladesh
  • Nasima Kabir Department of Zoology, Faculty of Life and Earth Science, Jagannath University, Dhaka 1100, Bangladesh
  • Anirban Sarkera Department of Zoology, Faculty of Life and Earth Science, Jagannath University, Dhaka 1100, Bangladesh
  • Mehrab Chowdhury Department of Zoology, Faculty of Life and Earth Science, Jagannath University, Dhaka 1100, Bangladesh
  • Mohammad Abdul Baki Department of Zoology, Faculty of Life and Earth Science, Jagannath University, Dhaka 1100, Bangladesh
  • Md Sagir Ahmed Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/brc.v9i2.67081

Keywords:

Croakers, parasites, prevalence, intensity, histopathology

Abstract

This study investigated the parasites of three species of croakers (Pennahia anea, Panna microdon, and Johnius argentatus) and their effect on host’s tissues. Fish samples were collected directly from the local fishermen and the fish landing station of Saint Martin’s Island, Bay of Bengal on a regular monthly basis. A total of 448 individuals of parasites were collected of which nine species of parasites were identified including three crustaceans, four nematodes, one pentastomida, and one acanthocephala. The nematode Procamallanus longus had the highest prevalence (50%) and intensity (10.33) compared with the other parasites. The prevalence and intensity of parasites were slightly higher in female fish (55%, 35) than in male fish (50%, 20). The stomach and liver were the most favorable infection sites (53.33%). Furthermore, parasites with the largest length and weight showed the highest prevalence and intensity (66.66% and 38.4 as well as 80% and 72.5, respectively). In histopathological investigations, the most important alterations in various tissues of fish were hemorrhage, necrosis, fatty droplets, edema, vacuolar degenerations, missing villi, haemosiderotic nodules, ovarian follicle disruption, and parasitic cell distribution.

Bioresearch Commu. 9(2): 1297-1304, 2023 (July)

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Published

2023-06-20

How to Cite

Sehrina, S. ., Kabir, N., Sarkera, A. ., Chowdhury, M., Baki, M. A. ., & Ahmed, M. S. . (2023). Parasite Diversity and Histopathological Changes Due to Infection on Three Croakers (Pennahia Anea, Panna Microdon and Johnius Argentatus) of Saint Martin’s Island, Bay of Bengal. Bioresearch Communications, 9(2), 1297–1304. https://doi.org/10.3329/brc.v9i2.67081

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Original Article