Pattern and Risk Assessment of Bedsore in Hospitalized Patients

Authors

  • Md Ruhul Amin SAIC, Dhaka
  • Md Monoarul Haque Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS), Dhaka
  • Pradip Kumar Saha National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedic Rehabilitation (NITOR), Dhaka
  • Sumaiya Zabin Eusuf Zai Northern University, Dhaka
  • Sarder Mahmud Hossain Northern University, Dhaka
  • Sanjida Akter Delta Medical College, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/cmoshmcj.v13i2.21049

Keywords:

Pneumatic bed, risk factors, spinal cord injury, stroke

Abstract

Objective: This descriptive type of cross sectional study was conducted to assess pattern and risk factors of bedsore in hospital admitted patients in Dhaka city with a sample size of 114.

Methods: A pretested, modified, questionnaire was used to collect the data. All the data were entered and analyzed by using Statistical Package of Social Science 16.0 versions.

Results: Study found that 17.5%, 41.2%, 27.2% and 14% of the respondents belonged to age group of 1-20 years, 21-40 years, 41-60 years and 61-80 years respectively with mean age 37.97 +16.909 years.  Responsible diseases for bedsore were spinal cord injury (41.2%), fracture (30%), stroke (24%), unconsciousness (7.2%) and GBS (2.8%) respectively. Study revealed that common area of bedsore were back of the sacrum (57%), back of the scapula (34.2%), medial aspect of knee joint (22.8%), malleoli (21.1%), greater trochanter of femur (15.8%), external occipital protuberance (14%), olecranon process of ulna (9.6%), above the coccyx (9.6%), iliac crest (7%), spine of the scapula (3.5%), posterior superior iliac joint (2.6%) and sacro-iliac joint (1.8%) respectively. Study also found that superficial and deep type of bedsore were 58.8% and 41.2% consecutively. Besides study revealed that 26.3% of the respondents were diabetic, 31.6% obese, 28.1% suffering from malnutrition, 61.4% did not use pneumatic bed and 7.2% patients did not maintain proper positioning 2 hourly and these were the risk factors of this study. Significant association was found between type of bed sore and use of pneumatic bed (P=0.000<0.05) as well as nutritional status (P=0.004<0.05).

Conclusions: Changing position and use of pneumatic bed was best methods of prevention of bedsore.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/cmoshmcj.v13i2.21049

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Author Biographies

Md Ruhul Amin, SAIC, Dhaka

Department of Physiotherapy

Md Monoarul Haque, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS), Dhaka

Department of Community Nutrition
Faculty of Public Health

Pradip Kumar Saha, National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedic Rehabilitation (NITOR), Dhaka

Department of Physiotherapy

Sumaiya Zabin Eusuf Zai, Northern University, Dhaka

Department of Public Health

Sarder Mahmud Hossain, Northern University, Dhaka

Department of Public Health

Sanjida Akter, Delta Medical College, Dhaka

Department of Forensic Medicine

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Published

2014-11-30

How to Cite

Ruhul Amin, M., Monoarul Haque, M., Saha, P. K., Eusuf Zai, S. Z., Mahmud Hossain, S., & Akter, S. (2014). Pattern and Risk Assessment of Bedsore in Hospitalized Patients. Chattagram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital Medical College Journal, 13(2), 12–16. https://doi.org/10.3329/cmoshmcj.v13i2.21049

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Section

Original Articles