Clinical Presentation and Outcome of Ruptured Uterus in A Tertiary Hospital

Authors

  • Kazi Farhana Noor Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Upazila Health Complex, Patiya, Chittagong
  • Farida Yasmin Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chittagong Medical College, Chittagong
  • Rupasree Biswas Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Southern Medical College, Chittagong
  • Moumita Tripura Mumu Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rangamati Medical College, Rangamati
  • Uma Dev Marie Stopes Clinic, Chittagong

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/cmoshmcj.v17i1.39438

Keywords:

Ruptured uterus; Intra-natal care; Intrapartem

Abstract

Background: Ruptured uterus is an obstetric emergency, carrying increased risk of maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity especially in the developing countries. To determine the various aspects such as antecedent factors, clinical profile, management, outcome of ruptured uterus in a tertiary hospital.

Methods: This prospective cross-sectional study conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Chittagong Medical College Hospital, Chittagong, from January 2010 to December 2010. 70 consecutive admitted patients during this period was taken in this study.

Results: During study period total 13635 obstetric patients were admitted and among them 70 cases were of ruptured uterus which gives an incidence of 0.5%. 92.85% of the women were multiparous. 77% patient did not have any antenatal care. 81% were illiterate and 82% belong to low socio-economic class. Common risk factors were mal-handling of labor by untrained dai (44%) cephalopelvic disproportion (35%) previous caesarean scar (34.28%) shoulder presentation 15%, abused of oxytocic drug (14%). Shock and sepsis were the prominent presenting features. In most cases, the tear was in the lower segment and in 54 patients (80%) the tear was complete. 25 (37%) patients had sub-total hysterectomy, 22 had repair and 13 (19.4%) had total hysterectomy. Maternal and fetal mortality rate was 11.42% and 88.5% respectively.

Conclusion: A high incidence (1 in 195) of ruptured uterus mainly because of inadequate natal and intranatal care, high parity, mismanagement of labor, Low socio-economic condition and illiteracy.

Chatt Maa Shi Hosp Med Coll J; Vol.17 (1); Jan 2018; Page 29-33

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Author Biographies

Kazi Farhana Noor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Upazila Health Complex, Patiya, Chittagong

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Farida Yasmin, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chittagong Medical College, Chittagong

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Rupasree Biswas, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Southern Medical College, Chittagong

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Moumita Tripura Mumu, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rangamati Medical College, Rangamati

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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Published

2018-12-26

How to Cite

Noor, K. F., Yasmin, F., Biswas, R., Mumu, M. T., & Dev, U. (2018). Clinical Presentation and Outcome of Ruptured Uterus in A Tertiary Hospital. Chattagram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital Medical College Journal, 17(1), 29–33. https://doi.org/10.3329/cmoshmcj.v17i1.39438

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Original Articles