Disease Pattern at Medicine Outpatient Department of A Tertiary Care Hospital

Authors

  • Raushan Akter Department of Medicine, Chattogram Maa Shishu-O-General Hospital Chattogram, Bangladesh
  • M Jalal Uddin Department of Community Medicine, Chattagram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital Medical College Chattogram, Bangladesh.
  • Rajat Sankar Roy Biswas Department of Medicine, Chattogram Maa Shishu-O-General Hospital Chattogram, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/cmoshmcj.v18i1.42129

Keywords:

Disease pattern; NCD; Locality

Abstract

Background : Bangladesh, like many transitional nations, is straddling with the demographic and epidemiological transition. There is a critical need to improve public health in this region. But number of studies & representative data on the prevalence of diseases is inadequate. The objective of this study is to detect type & frequency of diseases among patients attending in medicine outpatient department (OPD) to improve the quality of healthcare.

Materials and methods: This observational study was conducted at the outpatient department (OPD) of Chattogram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital Medical College from February to April 2018. Purposive sampling was used. Total 500 patients were included. Details were recorded in a data form and diagnosis was made on the basis of history, physical examination and necessary laboratory investigations. Data were collected and analyzed using the SPSS Version 20.

Results : Total 500 patients were evaluated. Majority were female (61.2%). Highest number of patients i.e. 299 (59.4%) belonged to the age group of 16–35 years. Majority 405 (81%) of the patients in our study were from surrounding locality (Urban). The most common diseases was DM affecting 55(11%). HTN was 2nd common disease 51(10.2%). During this study we found gastrointestinal system was the most common affected organ system.

Conclusion: Disease pattern study is very important to focus top problems, so that we can prepare ourselves to fight against them.

Chatt Maa Shi Hosp Med Coll J; Vol.18 (1); Jan 2019; Page 27-30

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Published

2019-07-10

How to Cite

Akter, R., Uddin, M. J., & Biswas, R. S. R. (2019). Disease Pattern at Medicine Outpatient Department of A Tertiary Care Hospital. Chattagram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital Medical College Journal, 18(1), 27–30. https://doi.org/10.3329/cmoshmcj.v18i1.42129

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Original Articles