Socio-demographic Profile of Patients Admitted in Thalassemia Care Center of Chattogram Maa Shishu-O-General Hospital

Authors

  • Tanuka Barua Associate Prosessor, Department of Paediatrics, Chattogram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital Medical College, Chattogram, Bangladesh
  • Aparup Kanti Das Department of Paediatrics, Boalkhali Thana Health Complex, Boalkhali, Chattogram, Bangladesh
  • Razia Sultana Department of Pathology, Chattogram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital Medical College, Chattogram, Bangladesh
  • Dhananjoy Das Department of Paediatrics, Chattogram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital Medical College, Chattogram, Bangladesh
  • Mahmood A Chowdhury Arju Department of Paediatrics, Chattogram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital Medical College, Chattogram, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/cmoshmcj.v19i1.48800

Keywords:

Thalassemia; Socio-demographics; Pattern of thalassemia

Abstract

Background: Thalassemia is the most common hemoglobin disorder in the worldincluding Bangladesh. Population migration and intermarriage between differentethnic groups have had a major impact on disease epidemiology. To observe theprevalence and specturm of thalassemia as well as demographic and social factorsof thalassemia patients.

Materials and methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in theThalassemia Care Center of Chattogram Maa Shishu-O-General Hospital,Chattogram from July, 2013 to June, 2014. Parents of 70 thalassemia patients aged2-18 years interviewed with a formulated questionnaire based on social anddemographic characteristics. Data were analyzed by both manually and by SPSS-18.

Results: Mean age of patients was 6 years (± 3.66). Near about half of patients(40%) were diagnosed at the age less than 5 years. Mean age of diagnosis was 1.6years (± 1.53 SD). Majority of patients belonged to lower middle class (42.9%) withmale predominance (62.9%). A good number of patients (22.8%) were not engagedin any educational activity. Mean annual income of family was 262000 taka/year ±245477.35 (USD 3324.87 ± 3115.19). Mother contributed to annual income in only4.7% families. The percentage of Hb E/b thalassemia was the highest (54.4%)followed by b thalassemia major (37.1%) and Hb E disease (4.3%). Malepredominance was found in every type of thalassemia. Half of the thalassemiamajor patients were diagnosed during infancy and majority (60.53%) of Hb E/bthalassemia patients were diagnosed at the age less than 5 year.

Conclusion: A nation-wide screening program should be carried out to address thecarrier status of population at risk. There may be further analysis regarding clinicaldiversity of thalassemia.

Chatt Maa Shi Hosp Med Coll J; Vol.19 (1); January 2020; Page 33-37

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Published

2020-08-28

How to Cite

Barua, T., Das, A. K., Sultana, R., Das, D., & Arju, M. A. C. (2020). Socio-demographic Profile of Patients Admitted in Thalassemia Care Center of Chattogram Maa Shishu-O-General Hospital. Chattagram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital Medical College Journal, 19(1), 33–37. https://doi.org/10.3329/cmoshmcj.v19i1.48800

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Original Articles