Burning Mouth Syndrome: A Review

Authors

  • SM Anwar Sadat Lecturer, Dept. of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Dhaka Dental College, Dhaka
  • Naim Mahmud Chowdhury Lecturer, Dept. of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Chittagong International Dental College, Chittagong
  • Redwan Bin Abdul Baten Assistant Dental Surgeon, Upozilla Health Complex, Nabinagar, Brahmanbaria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jbcps.v34i3.32348

Keywords:

Burning Mouth Syndrome, Glossodynia, Review, Stomatodynia

Abstract

Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS) is characterized by chronic oro-facial pain in the absence of specific oral lesions & clinically apparent mucosal alterations. It is more commonly observed in middle aged patients & postmenopausal women. It often affects tongue, cheek, lip, hard & soft palate. Usually symptoms are better observed in morning, worsen during the day and typically subside at night. The condition is multifactorial origin, often idiopathic and its etiopathogenesis remain largely enigmatic. Associated medical conditions may include neurologic and metabolic disorder, gastrointestinal, urogenital as well as drug reactions. BMS are of two types, primary & secondary. Primary BMS is essential or idiopathic where secondary BMS is caused by local, systemic and/or psychological factors. Clinical diagnosis depends on the careful history taking, physical examinations and laboratory findings. Vitamin, Zinc or Hormone replacement therapy has been found to be effective with deficiency of the corresponding factors. The drug therapy with alpha-lipoic acid, capsaicin, clonazepam, benzodiazepines, tricyclic antidepressants, anticonvulsants may be effective in symptomatic treatment of BMS. But the treatment is still unsatisfactory and there is no definitive cure.

J Bangladesh Coll Phys Surg 2016; 34(3): 151-159

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Author Biography

SM Anwar Sadat, Lecturer, Dept. of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Dhaka Dental College, Dhaka



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Published

2017-04-26

How to Cite

Sadat, S. A., Chowdhury, N. M., & Baten, R. B. A. (2017). Burning Mouth Syndrome: A Review. Journal of Bangladesh College of Physicians and Surgeons, 34(3), 151–159. https://doi.org/10.3329/jbcps.v34i3.32348

Issue

Section

Review Articles