Changing Clinical Pattern of Dengue Fever and Its Unusual Manifestations- 9 2019 Outbreak in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Authors

  • Quazi Tarikul Islam Professor of Medicine, Popular Medical College, Dhaka-1205, Bangladesh
  • Hironmoy Barman Sagor Assistant Registrar, Department of Medicine, Popular Medical College, Dhaka-1205, Bangladesh
  • Tasmina Chowdhury Tuli Registrar, Department of Medicine, Popular Medical College, Dhaka-1205, Bangladesh
  • Farha Musharrat Noor Statistician, Department of Statistics, Dhaka University, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh
  • Md Momin Islam Statistician, Department of Statistics, Dhaka University, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jbcps.v39i1.50457

Keywords:

manifestations, Dengue, Breathlessness, Splenomegaly; Pancreatitis

Abstract

Background: In 2019 Bangladesh faced largest outbreak of Dengue fever (DF) and clinicians observed some changing patterns in presentation and laboratory findings of DF. This study intends to find the changing patterns of dengue and its different manifestations including unusual one.

Material and Method: This study deals around 220 dengue patient visited to popular Medical College Hospital as inpatient of medicine department during the period 1st July 2019 to 31st December 2019. Chi-square statistics was used find the intra and inter association among the disease mainfestatons and multinominal logistic regression analysis was used to compare disease severity.

Results: Among 220 dengue serologically positive cases, the most common age group affected was 18-49 years (68.6%). Regarding the known common features like fever (91.8%), vomiting (50.2%), headache (48.2%), were frequent among the patients but myalgia (19.6%), rash (14.5%), retro orbital pain (14.1%) were not so common. Presence of unusual features like abdominal pain (49.3%), loose motion (55%) and cough/ breathlessness (41.4%) ascites (53.2%), pleural effusion (51.8%), hepatomegaly (32.3%), peri-gallbladder edema (35.5%) and splenomegaly (15.1%) were also common among dengue patients. Serum Lipase was also increased in (28.8%) cases suggesting pancreatitis.

Conclusion: Unusual Manifestations of dengue fever is common. As the spread of dengue is increasing with significant morbidity and mortality, it is extremely important for the clinicians to know about its unusual manifestations.

J Bangladesh Coll Phys Surg 2021; 39(1): 9-18

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
409
PDF
223

Downloads

Published

2020-11-25

How to Cite

Islam, Q. T., Sagor, H. B., Tuli, T. C., Noor, F. M., & Islam, M. M. (2020). Changing Clinical Pattern of Dengue Fever and Its Unusual Manifestations- 9 2019 Outbreak in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Journal of Bangladesh College of Physicians and Surgeons, 39(1), 9–18. https://doi.org/10.3329/jbcps.v39i1.50457

Issue

Section

Original Articles