Improving Motor Imagery EEG Signals Classification Accuracy with CSP by Available Machine Learning Approach
Keywords:Brain Computer Interface; Common Spatial Pattern; Electroencephalography; Fisher Linear Discriminant Analysis; K-Nearest Neighbor; Motor Imagery; Support Vector Machine
In brain computer interface (BCI) systems, the electroencephalography (EEG) signals give a pathway to a motor disabled person to communicate outside using the brain signal and a computer. EEG signals of different motor imagery (MI) movements can be differentiated using an effective classification technique to aid a motor disabled patient. The purpose of this paper is to classify two different types of MI movement tasks, movement of the left hand and movement of the right foot EEG signals accurately. For this purpose we have used a publicly available dataset. Since the feature extraction for classification is an important task, so we have used popular common spatial pattern (CSP) method for spatial feature extraction. Two different machine learning classifiers named support vector machine (SVM) and K-nearest neighbor (KNN) have been used to verify the proposed method. We got the highest average results 95.55%, 98.73% and 92.38% in case of SVM and 93.5%, 98.73% and 90.15% in case of KNN for classification accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity, respectively when a Butterworth band-pass filter passed through [10–30] Hz. On the other hand accuracy came to 89.4% in [10-30] Hz when applying CSP for feature extraction and fisher linear discriminant analysis (FLDA) for classification on this dataset earlier.
Journal of Engineering Science 12(2), 2021, 67-77