Assessment of Physical Standards of Housing for Healthy Living in Urban Informal Settlement: A Case of Rupsha Slum in Khulna

Authors

  • Md Shahriar Hossain Department of Building Engineering and Construction Management (BECM), Khulna University of Engineering and Technology (KUET), Khulna-9203, Bangladesh
  • Jesmin Sultana Khulna Medical College, Khulna-9000, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jes.v13i2.63726

Keywords:

Housing standard; Health and housing; Housing up-gradation; Informal settlement; Rupsha slum.

Abstract

Overcrowding, poor structural quality of housing, and a lack of basic services and infrastructure differentiate informal settlement as a distinct type of community. Poor housing quality is directly connected to a greater risk of disease and illness in informal settlements. This research is being carried out to provide a comprehensive picture of the existing physical conditions of housing and aims to measure the deviation of housing quality between existing and standard healthy housing parameters in informal settlements. A substantial amount of fieldwork has been conducted to map the existing physical structure of the settlement and a list of preventable diseases suffered from poor housing is made through conducting a focus group discussion and interviews of 50 households in a distinct informal settlement situated in Bangladesh’s third-largest city, namely Khulna. To assess the housing quality a framework of standard housing is made by reviewing the book “Park’s textbook of preventive and social medicine” by K. Park. Results indicate that - 70% of the total household does not satisfy the minimum housing standard; in most cases, 4 or 5 persons must share a single room of 102 to 150 sqft area; a single toilet serves 180 people; the queuing time for drinking water from a tube well exceeds 45 minutes. The study also reveals the settler’s complex mechanism of compact living through space sharing dynamics.

Journal of Engineering Science 13(2), 2022, 51-67

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Published

2023-01-15

How to Cite

Hossain, M. S., & Sultana, J. (2023). Assessment of Physical Standards of Housing for Healthy Living in Urban Informal Settlement: A Case of Rupsha Slum in Khulna. Journal of Engineering Science, 13(2), 51–67. https://doi.org/10.3329/jes.v13i2.63726

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Articles