Comparison of Maternal and Neonatal Complications in Women with and without Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Authors

  • Tania Akbar Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Enam Medical College and Hospital Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Sheuly Begum Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Enam Medical College and Hospital Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Anuradha Karmaker Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Enam Medical College and Hospital Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Marmarin Hamid Registrar, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Enam Medical College and Hospital Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Rokshana Parvin Nupur Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Enam Medical College and Hospital Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jrpmc.v9i1.72710

Keywords:

Gestational diabetes mellitus, Pregnancy outcome, Maternal, Neonatal complication

Abstract

Background: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a common pregnancy-related metabolic disorder associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus is characterized by glucose intolerance that develops during pregnancy. It affects approximately 7% of all pregnancies and has been linked to an increased risk of maternal and neonatal complications. Objective: The study was aimed to provide a comprehensive comparison of maternal and neonatal complications in women with and without GDM involving a thorough examination of medical records and clinical data to identify patterns and associations between GDM and various complications. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted, including pregnant women with and without GDM who received prenatal care and underwent hospital delivery at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Enam Medical College and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh from June 2022 to June 2023. Clinical data, including maternal age, gestational age at diagnosis, parity, and antenatal care were collected. Pregnancy outcomes, such as maternal complications, and live birth complications were also assessed. Result: A total of 60 pregnant women were included in the analysis, 30 were diagnosed with GDM and 30 without GDM. Analysis of pregnancy outcomes revealed a higher incidence of cesarean section deliveries in the GDM group (p<.05). Additionally, infants born to mothers with GDM had a higher risk of neonatal complications. Conclusions: Women diagnosed with GDM demonstrated distinct clinical characteristics and experienced a higher incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes. These findings underscore the importance of effective management and close monitoring of pregnant women with GDM to optimize maternal and neonatal health.

J Rang Med Col. March 2024; Vol. 9, No. 1: 28-32

Abstract
44
PDF
22

Downloads

Published

2024-05-05

How to Cite

Akbar, T. ., Begum, S. ., Karmaker, A. ., Hamid, M. ., & Nupur, R. P. . (2024). Comparison of Maternal and Neonatal Complications in Women with and without Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. Journal of Rangpur Medical College, 9(1), 28–32. https://doi.org/10.3329/jrpmc.v9i1.72710

Issue

Section

Original Article