Influence of Cobalt Substitution in LaNiO<sub>3</sub> Nanoperovskite on Catalytic Propylene Oxidation


  • T. Vaz Department of Chemistry, St. Xavier’s College, Mapusa, Goa, 403507, India
  • S. M. Gurav Department of Chemistry, Government College of Arts, Sc., and Com, Quepem, Goa, India
  • A. V. Salker School of Chemistry, Goa University, Goa 403206, India



Perovskite-type oxides with transition elements offer promising potential as catalysts in total oxidation reactions. The present work reports the synthesis of crystalline lanthanum nickelates and cobaltates and their intermediate nanomaterials compositions LaNi1-XCoXO3 (x = 0.3, 0.5, and 0.7) at 800 ºC by co-precipitation precursor technique for structural, morphological, and total propylene oxidation catalytic activity. The evolution of the crystal structure and formation of the perovskite phase were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, Thermo Gravimetry Analysis (TGA) / Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Fourier Transformed Infra-Red (FTIR), Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET), Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) techniques. The terminal compounds LaNiO3, LaCoO3, and their intermediates compositions were identified to be single-phase and are indexed to rhombohedral structures. The bonding characteristics were studied by FTIR spectroscopy. On substitution of Ni with Co in B-site, the slight distortion in XRD diffraction peaks were observed. These compounds show a considerable increase in the activity of propylene oxidation to carbon dioxide. This study aims at understanding the effect of B– site substitution in the lattice of LaNiO3 and their influence on catalytic propylene oxidation efficiency.


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How to Cite

Vaz, T., Gurav, S. M., & Salker, A. V. (2021). Influence of Cobalt Substitution in LaNiO<sub>3</sub> Nanoperovskite on Catalytic Propylene Oxidation. Journal of Scientific Research, 13(3), 961–969.



Section B: Chemical and Biological Sciences