Diffusion Interactions of Some Biologically Important Transition Metal Complexes on Micellar Properties of Sodium Dodecyl Sulphate

Authors

  • M. A. Hossain
  • M. A. Rahman
  • M. A. Subhan SUST, Sylhet

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jsr.v4i1.7989

Keywords:

Surfactants, Sodium dodecyl sulphate, Critical micelle concentration, Pre-micellar aggregate, Hydrophobic interaction.

Abstract

The specific conductance of aqueous solutions of sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) was measured from 20 to 35 ºC with an interval of 5 °C in the absence and presence of metal complexes such as [Cr(acac)2(H2O)2]Cl, K3[Fe(C2O4)3] and (NH4)4[Co(C6H5O7)2] at concentrations ranging from 2.0 × 10-4 to 8.0 x 10-4 M. The specific conductance rapidly increased at the pre-micellar region with increasing of temperature and concentration of SDS, but after critical micelle concentration (CMC) the rate of increase was slower. As the concentrations of metal complexes [Cr(acac)2(H2O)2]Cl, K3[Fe(C2O4)3] and (NH4)4[Co(C6H5O7)2] increased, the CMC of SDS decreased exponentially, which was sharp with increasing temperature. The CMC decreases due to the formation of pre-micellar aggregates of the positive counter ions of the complexes with dodecyl sulphate ions (DS-) and hydrophobic interaction between ligands of complexes and hydrophobic tail of SDS. The pre-micellar aggregate formation was essentially influenced by the counter ions binding abilities to the anionic micelle. The effect of metal complexes on lowering the CMC of SDS was found to follow the order [Cr(acac)2(H2O)2]Cl < K3[Fe(C2O4)3] < (NH4)4[Co(C6H5O7)2]. Thermodynamics of metal complexes with SDS and parameters of micellization ΔG°mic, ΔH°mic and TΔS°mic  were calculated.

Keywords:  Surfactants; Sodium dodecyl sulphate; Critical micelle concentration; Pre-micellar aggregate; Hydrophobic interaction.

© 2011 JSR Publications. ISSN: 2070-0237 (Print); 2070-0245 (Online). All rights reserved.

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/jsr.v4i1.7989

J. Sci. Res. 4 (1), 135-141 (2012)

 

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Author Biography

M. A. Subhan, SUST, Sylhet

 

Professor

Department of Chemistry, SUST, Sylhet, Bngladesh

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Published

2011-12-26

How to Cite

Hossain, M. A., Rahman, M. A., & Subhan, M. A. (2011). Diffusion Interactions of Some Biologically Important Transition Metal Complexes on Micellar Properties of Sodium Dodecyl Sulphate. Journal of Scientific Research, 4(1), 135. https://doi.org/10.3329/jsr.v4i1.7989

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Section

Section B: Chemical and Biological Sciences