Joule Heating Effect on MHD Combined Convection in a Wavy Chamber Having Conducting Square Cylinder
Keywords:MHD, Wavy chamber, Conducting cylinder, Combined convection, Finite element formulation.
The current simulation is focused on MHD combined convection flow and heat transfer characteristics in a square lid driven chamber. At the centre of this chamber a heat conducting solid square cylinder is located. Galerkin weighted residual finite element method is used to solve the governing equations of mass, momentum and energy. The left vertical wall of the chamber is mechanically lid driven and having temperature Tcold and velocity V0. But the right wall is sinusoidal wavy pattern and contains more temperature (Thot) than the left lid. The top and bottom surfaces are adiabatic. The behavior of the fluid for the values of Joule heating parameter J (0, 1, 4, 7) and Richardson number Ri (0.1, 1, 10) is described in details. The variations of the average Nusselt number (Nu), the mean temperature of the fluid ( ) and the temperature at cylinder centre ( ) for various Ri and J are also presented. Maximum rate of heat transfer is occurred for the lowest J at each Ri.
Keywords: MHD; Wavy chamber; Conducting cylinder; Combined convection; Finite element formulation.
© 2012 JSR Publications. ISSN: 2070-0237 (Print); 2070-0245 (Online). All rights reserved.
J. Sci. Res. 4 (1), 39-49 (2012)
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