Species Diversity of Bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) from Different Mountain Regions of Kashmir Himalayas

Authors

  • M. S. Saini Punjabi University
  • R. H. Raina Department of Zoology Punjabi university Patiala India 147002
  • Z. H. Khan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jsr.v4i1.8815

Keywords:

Species Diversity, Bumblebees, Kashmir Himalayas.

Abstract

The species diversity of bumblebees was investigated in three provinces Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh during 2007-2010. Bumblebee queens, workers and males were collected right from the commencement till to the end of flowering stage in all the three mountain regions. In total, 27 species of bumblebees were collected and identified, of which eleven species were common in the two regions, e.g., Kashmir and Ladakh. A list of species assemblages and abundance is provided in each of the mountain ranges. Species diversity of three regions was determined with Shannon-Weiner diversity index and evenness was calculated with indices of Pielou. The obtained results showed species diversity; evenness and species richness were more observable in Kashmir compared with Ladakh and Jammu. The three sample sites within the Kashmir Himalayas indicate significant differences in species diversity; the Kashmir region had higher species diversity and richness than the other regions. Most species of bumblebees were collected in altitudinal ranges of 3000-4000m. Four species viz. Bombus cornutus, B. parthenius, B. miniatus and B. morawitizianus are recorded for the first time from this region, while B. morawitizianus turn out to be the first record to the national list.

Key words: Species Diversity; Bumblebees; Kashmir Himalayas.

© 2012 JSR Publications. ISSN: 2070-0237 (Print); 2070-0245 (Online). All rights reserved.

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/jsr.v4i1.8815

J. Sci. Res. 4 (1), 263-272 (2012)

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Author Biographies

M. S. Saini, Punjabi University

 Malkiat Singh Saini

Department of Zoology

Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab India

 

R. H. Raina, Department of Zoology Punjabi university Patiala India 147002

Rifat H raina

Reserach Associate Division of Entomology
SKUAST-K shalimar, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India  191121

Z. H. Khan

Department of Zoology, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab India

 Division of Entomology, SKUAST-K Shalimar, Srinagar (J&K)

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Published

2011-12-26

How to Cite

Saini, M. S., Raina, R. H., & Khan, Z. H. (2011). Species Diversity of Bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) from Different Mountain Regions of Kashmir Himalayas. Journal of Scientific Research, 4(1), 263. https://doi.org/10.3329/jsr.v4i1.8815

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Section

Section B: Chemical and Biological Sciences