Comparative efficacy of alcoholic extracts of black Peppers (Piper nigrum) and Chutra leaves (Urtica dioica) with Esb3 against coccidiosis in chickens
Keywords:Efficacy, Medicinal plants, Coccidiosis, Chicken
The present study is undertaken to compare the efficacy of alcoholic extracts of Black Peppers (Piper nigrum ) and Chutra leaves (Urtica dioica ) with a patent drug Esb3 against coccidiosis in chicken. 16 Fayoumi breed chickens were collected from a local farm and divided into four groups; A, B, C and D, each consisting of four chickens, Group A (control), Group B (alcoholic extracts of Black Peppers @ 9ml/kg bd wt.), Group C (alcoholic extracts of Chutra leaves @ 9ml/kg bd wt.) and Group D ( Esb3 @ 1 ml/ liter drinking water). All the treated chickens were kept under close observation for 18 days and data was collected at 3 days interval. In group B, two chickens died within 4-7 days of treatment and in group C one chicken died on 5th day of medication. All the chickens of control group died within 5-7 days of medication. Oocyst was counted for per gram of feces in all groups. Biochemical parameters like SGPT and haematological parameters like Total erythrocyte count (TEC), Haemoglobin count (Hb), Packed cell volume (PCV), Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) were determined. There were significant decrease in oocyst count in group B and C in compared to control and very few oocysts were present in faeces of 6 days onward of medication. All the chickens were survived in group D and oocyst started to disappear in the faeces from 3rd day onward of medication. Our study suggests Both Black Peppers and Chutra are effective against coccidiosis in chicken and Chutra is more effective than Black peppers.
Res. Agric., Livest. Fish.2(1): 117-124, April 2015
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