Retrospective study of foot and mouth disease in cattle at Babugonj upazila of Barisal district
Keywords:FMD, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Cattle, Barisal
The present study was conducted in Babuganj Upazila Veterinary Hospital, Barisal during the period from September 2015 to August 2017 to observe the prevalence of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD). A total of 727 animals were examined during this period and 158 cases were found positive to FMD, so the proportionate prevalence of FMD was 21.73% (n=158) at Babugonj Upazila. The effect of age, sex, breed and season on the prevalence of the disease was discussed. The proportinate prevalence of FMD was highest in the month of December and January. The males (432 males, 109 affected, prevalence 25.23%) were more susceptible than females (295 female, 49 affected, prevalence 16.61%). The Older cattle (more than 4 years old) were more susceptible to FMD (29.88%) compared to adult (2 to 4 years; 19.53%) and younger (less than 2 years old; 8.62%). Moreover, FMD is more frequent among indigenous breeds (27.90%) than crossed breeds (13.91%). The findings from this study can be used as baseline epidemiological data for further research to understand the epidemiology of FMD in Barisal.
Res. Agric., Livest. Fish.5(1): 43-48, April 2018
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