Present status of laboratory teaching in the department of Pathology of undergraduate medical education in Bangladesh

Authors

  • S Giti Advisor Specialist in Pathology, CMH, Chittagong
  • S Khatoon Pofessor, Dept. of Paediatrics, Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, Dhaka
  • MHK Talukder Pofessor, Curriculum Development & Evaluation, Centre for Medical Education, Dhaka
  • KK Alam Asst. Prof., Medical Education, Centre for Medical Education, Dhaka
  • T Nargis Asst. Prof., Education Science, Centre for Medical Education, Dhaka
  • AKM Asaduzzaman Assoc. Prof., Curriculum Development & Evaluation, Centre for Medical Education, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjme.v7i1.32229

Keywords:

Laboratory teaching, Laboratory teaching session, Teaching aids, Active participation, Integrated teaching

Abstract

Introduction: Effective laboratory teaching and practical work has an important and time-honored place in the education of students and researchers. The main principle underlying laboratory work is that students learn effectively through doing practical tasks (learning by doing). The laboratory courses offer students the opportunity to gain manipulative skills, observational skills, and the ability to plan experiments and to interpret experimental data.

Justification: There is less involvement and less active participation in the pathology practical classes by the students. Little has been published about the actual problem. Therefore this study was designed to investigate the ways of conduction of laboratory teaching in different medical colleges of Bangladesh.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the present status of laboratory teaching in the department of Pathology of undergraduate medical education in Bangladesh.

Materials and methods: This descriptive cross sectional study was carried out to determine the ways of conduction of laboratory teaching in Pathology department of undergraduate medical education in Bangladesh. The study was carried out in Eleven (Five Government and Six Non- Government) medical colleges in Bangladesh over a period from July 2014 to June 2015 by adopting convenience sampling. Triangulation technique was used in this study to ensure the validity and reliability of research findings. For each variable of structured observation and structured questionnaires, the mean score was calculated.

Results: From observation of the study, it was found that among physical environment factors, the mean score of seating arrangement, space available for practical work in the class and teacher student ratio were >3 but <4. Regarding teaching methods, the mean scores on different items were >2 but <3. Similarly the mean scores on group activities and laboratory safety measures items were >2 but <3. Mean score on teachers abilities were just 3. Students were unhappy with available space for their practical work, inadequate sitting arrangement, insufficient number of teaching learning materials especially reduced number of microscopes, other instruments and photomicrograph and the mean scores were just around 3. Though the teachers were satisfied with their teaching abilities but admitted failure in integrating the class with other subjects. The majority of items showed that the teachers rated themselves as more frequently engaging in standards-based behaviours than the students rated them and the mean scores were around 4 and >4but <5.

Conclusions: The findings revealed a gloomy picture of existing teaching learning situation in Pathology department of undergraduate medical education in Bangladesh from observers and students perspective. Findings from this study may give guideline to curricular planner and faculties/administrators of medical college for further improvement of laboratory teaching.

Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Vol.7(1) 2016: 20-24

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Author Biography

S Giti, Advisor Specialist in Pathology, CMH, Chittagong



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Published

2017-04-18

How to Cite

Giti, S., Khatoon, S., Talukder, M., Alam, K., Nargis, T., & Asaduzzaman, A. (2017). Present status of laboratory teaching in the department of Pathology of undergraduate medical education in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education, 7(1), 20–24. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjme.v7i1.32229

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