Adjuvant Intravesical Chemotherapy in the Management of Superficial Transitional Cell Carcinoma of Urinary Bladder Following Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumor- Result of Single Dose and Multiple doses of Mitomycin C

Authors

  • Shahriar Md Kabir Hasan Assistant Professor, Department of Urology, NIKDU, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Kazi Rafiqul Abedin Professor and Head, Department of Urology, NIKDU, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Md Shawkat Alam Associate Professor, Department of Urology, NIKDU, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Anup Roy Chowdhury Assistant Registrar, Department of Urology, NIKDU, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Md Moynul Hoque Chowdhury Assistant Professor, Department of Urology, NIKDU, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • AHM Mostofa Kamal Assistant Registrar, Department of Urology, NIKDU, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Imtiaz Enayetullah Assistant Professor, Department of Urology, NIKDU, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Md Safiul Alam Babul Assistant Professor, Department of Urology, NIKDU, Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bju.v23i1.50292

Keywords:

Superficial Transitional Cell Carcinoma of Urinary Bladder, TURBT, Intravesical chemotherapy, Mitomycin C

Abstract

Background: Bladder cancer is the second most common cancer of the genitourinary tract. Mitomycin C has been commonly used in a perioperative fashion delivered intravesically immediately after TURBT

Objective: To compare the results of post TURBT immediate single dose and multidose regimen of Mitomycin C therapy in the management of superficial transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder.

Method: The present prospective and comparative interventional study was conducted in the Department of Urology, National Institute of Kidney Diseases and Urology, Sher-E-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka from January 2015 to December 2016. Patients of superficial bladder cancer (tumor size ≤3 cm, number ≤3, grade I, II) were randomly included in the 2 groups. The sample size was seventy four (74). Thirty (30) patients were in each group and fourteen (14) were excluded from the study. In MMC single dose group (Group A), single dose of MMC 40mg/ 40ml was started immediately within 24 hours of TURBT. In MMC multi-dose group (Group B) 1st instillation of chemotherapy was started immediately within 24 hours of TURBT and additional instillation (5 instillations) were given as OPD basis and was continued weekly for 5 weeks. Follow-up was done on 3rd, 6th, 12th month of initial TURBT.

Results: In this study mean age was 61.8±13.7 years in group A and 62.7±13.6 years in group B. Male was found 25 (83.3%) in group A and 26 (86.7%) in group B. Female was found 5 (16.7%) in group A and 4 (13.3%) in group B. Mean size of the tumor was found 2.13±0.78 cm in group A and 2.05±0.84 cm in group B. Mean number of tumor was found 1.8±0.8 in group A and 1.9±0.7 in group B. Tumor grade I was found 23 (76.7%) in group A and 25 (83.3%) in group B. Tumor status Ta of superficial bladder was found 25 (83.3%) in group A and 26 (86.7%) group B. Tumor status T1 of superficial bladder was found 5(16.7%) in group A and 4 (13.3%) group B. Five (16.7%) patients was found recurred in group A and 4 (13.3%) in group B at 6th month follow up. At 12th month follow up, 6 (20.0%) patients was found recurred in group A and 5 (16.7%) in group B. Side effect was found in 2 (6.7%) patients in group B and not found in group A.

Conclusion: MMC single dose was similar to MMC multi-dose regimen with insignificant difference among the two.

Bangladesh Journal of Urology, Vol. 23, No. 1, January 2020 p.62-66

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Published

2020-11-15

How to Cite

Hasan, S. M. K., Abedin, K. R., Alam, M. S., Chowdhury, A. R., Chowdhury, M. M. H., Kamal, A. M., Enayetullah, I., & Babul, M. S. A. (2020). Adjuvant Intravesical Chemotherapy in the Management of Superficial Transitional Cell Carcinoma of Urinary Bladder Following Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumor- Result of Single Dose and Multiple doses of Mitomycin C. Bangladesh Journal of Urology, 23(1), 62–66. https://doi.org/10.3329/bju.v23i1.50292

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