Retroperitoneoscopic Ureterolithotomy for the Management of Proximal Ureteric Stones: Initial Clinical Experience

Authors

  • Md Mostafiger Rahman Associate Professor, Department of Urology, Prime Medical College, Rangpur, Bangladesh
  • Fatema Tuj Johura Medical officer, Rangpur Medical College, Rangpur, Bangladesh
  • Md Shahidul Islam Professor, Department of Urology, Rangpur Medical College, Rangpur, Bangladesh
  • Mohammad Ibrahim Ali Resident Surgeon, Department of Urology, Mymensingh Medical College ,Mymensingh, Bangladesh
  • Md Selim Morshed Registrar, Department of Urology, Rangpur Medical College, Rangpur, Bangladesh
  • Mohammad Al Amin MO, Department of urology, NIKDU, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bju.v25i2.68585

Keywords:

Ureteric stone, Laparoscopy, Retroperitoneoscopy, Ureterolithotomy

Abstract

Objective: Laparoscopic ureterolithotomy provides results equivalent to open ureterolithotomy for proximal ureteric stones, can be performed transperitoneally and retroperitoneally. The study aims to assess the efficacy of retroperitoneoscopic ureterolithotomy for managing proximal ureteral stones.

Patients and Methods: It was a retrospective study carried out in the period from March 2018 to November 2021. 14 patients with proximal ureteric stones 16–26 mm (20.07± 02.8), all located above the upper border of the sacroiliac joint. Eleven (78.57%) patients underwent retroperitoneoscopy as a primary procedure, one (07.14%) had a history of failed ESWL, and two patients (14.28%) failed retrograde ureteroscopy. Retroperitoneoscopic ureterolithotomy was performed by lumbar approach with initial access conducted by open technique and creation of space by digital and homemade balloon dissection and secured 10 mm Hasson trocar at the primary port site, and 0° telescope advanced. Two 5-mm trocars were placed under visualization forming a triangle. The stone was removed from the primary port site while visualizing retrieval through the 5 mm. port using a fine 30° Cystoscope. Ureterotomy closure was performed by intracorporeal interrupted sutures of 4-0 polyglactin over 5 fr double-J stent, and a drain was left in the retroperitoneum.

Results: Retroperitoneoscopic ureterolithotomy was accomplished in 11 out of 14 cases (78.58%). Three (21.42%) were converted to open surgery (2) and transperitoneal ureterolithotomy (1). The reason for open conversion was the failure to locate the ureter due to severe adhesion in 1 case, technical problems during dissection in 1 case, and another access problem, injury to the peritoneum, which was converted to the transperitoneal route. In 11 successful cases, the mean operative time was 126.5 ± 23.81 (90-170) min. There was no requirement for transfusions. There were no major perioperative and post-operative complications were observed. According to the modified Clavien classification, 07(63.63%) patients were reported to be grade I, whereas 04(36.36%) patients were reported to be grade II. One patient was managed with a course of antibiotics due to post-operative fever. Two patients who developed subcutaneous emphysema and superficial wound infection were treated conservatively. One urinary leakage was subsided by urethral re-catheterization. The drain was removed at 03.81 ±01.25(03-07) days. The mean hospital stay was 04.09 ± 01.13 (03-07) days.

Conclusion: Retroperitoneoscopic ureterolithotomy has acceptable overall complication rates. It is an effective, low-morbidity alternative for the treatment of proximal ureter stones.

Bangladesh J. Urol. 2022; 25(2): 84-92

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Published

2023-10-10

How to Cite

Rahman, M. M. ., Johura, F. T. ., Islam, M. S. ., Ali, M. I., Morshed, M. S. ., & Amin, M. A. . (2023). Retroperitoneoscopic Ureterolithotomy for the Management of Proximal Ureteric Stones: Initial Clinical Experience. Bangladesh Journal of Urology, 25(2), 84–92. https://doi.org/10.3329/bju.v25i2.68585

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Original Articles