Prevalence of Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease in School Children of Bharateswari Homes of Bangladesh

Authors

  • AAS Majumder National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases
  • MS Flora National Institute of Preventive and Social Medicine
  • AKMM Islam National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases
  • M Shahidullah National Centre for Control of Rheumatic Fever & Heart Diseases
  • MA Zafar National Centre for Control of Rheumatic Fever & Heart Diseases
  • R Khanam National Centre for Control of Rheumatic Fever & Heart Diseases
  • MA Rashid National Centre for Control of Rheumatic Fever & Heart Diseases
  • MH Iqbal National Centre for Control of Rheumatic Fever & Heart Diseases
  • S Zareen National Centre for Control of Rheumatic Fever & Heart Diseases
  • JU Ahmed 3National Centre for Control of Rheumatic Fever & Heart Diseases

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/cardio.v6i2.18348

Keywords:

Acute rheumatic fever, Rheumatic heart disease, Jones’ criteria.

Abstract

Background: Rheumatic fever (RF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) continue to affect millions of people around the world, including Bangladesh. Children and adolescents are especially susceptible to this disease. Classical risk factors, i.e. poverty, overcrowding, ignorance and insufficient health care services are responsible for the high incidence and prevalence of these diseases. To assess the prevalence of RF and RHD among children, a school survey was conducted in Bharateswari Homes, in the district of Tangail, Bangladesh.

Methods: A total of 947 students were examined. Revised Jones criteria (1992), and clinical examination were used for the diagnosis of RF and RHD.

Results: Four cases of RF/RHD were found giving the prevalence of 4.22/1000. This is lower than the prevalence reported in eighties, but is consistent with those found in nineties.

Conclusion: Among the school children, there is a declining trend in the prevalence of RF/RHD.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/cardio.v6i2.18348

Cardiovasc. j. 2014; 6(2): 103-106

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Published

2014-03-15

How to Cite

Majumder, A., Flora, M., Islam, A., Shahidullah, M., Zafar, M., Khanam, R., Rashid, M., Iqbal, M., Zareen, S., & Ahmed, J. (2014). Prevalence of Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease in School Children of Bharateswari Homes of Bangladesh. Cardiovascular Journal, 6(2), 103–106. https://doi.org/10.3329/cardio.v6i2.18348

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Original Articles