Health Related Quality of Life of Thyroid Cancer Patients

HRQL of thyroid cancer patients


  • AKM Farhad Hossain Commanding Officer, Cantonment Medical Hospital Ramu, Cox’s Bazar
  • Md Ziaul Islam Professor and Head Department of Community Medicine National Institute Preventive and Social Medicine (NIPSOM), Mohakhali, Dhaka-1212
  • Sayada Fatema Khatun Consultant Gyanecologist, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka-1000



HRQOL, Thyroid Cancer Patient, Clinical Attributes


Background: Having the longevity of thyroid cancer patients, any impairment in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) during the follow-up period is of great importance.

Objective: The study was conducted to determine the health related quality of life of thyroid cancer patients.

Material and methods: This cross sectional study was conducted among 246thyroid cancer patients. Data were collected by face-to-face interview and reviewing medical records with semi-structured questionnaire and checklist with validated scale. The subjects were purposively selected following specific selection criteria and maintaining ethical issues.

Place and period of study: The study was conducted during the period from July 2018-June 2019 in two tertiary hospitals of Dhaka city: Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University and Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka.

Results: This study revealed that majority (74.4%) of respondents was female, married (72%), housewife (61.4%), rural respondent (41.1%) and had primary education (69%). Mean (± SD) age of the respondent was 37.85(±12.20) years (range 14-70 years) and mean (± SD) monthly family income was Tk.17681(±10602). Out of 246 cases, 204 (82.9%) was papillary and 42 (17.1%) was follicular carcinoma. Main presenting features were neck swelling (91.5%), swollen lymph node (41.9%), dysphonia (57.3%) and dysphagia (35.4%). Mean (± SD) of total HRQOL score was 73.7 ± 8.39. HRQOL score of students and higher educated patients were better among the respective groups (p <.001). The study showed the association of HRQOL with clinical condition of thyroid cancer patients (R2=.025). HRQOL revealed the strong prediction with education (β=-0.888, p<.05), family income (β=0.05, p<.05), marital status (β=-0.1.384, p<.05), clinical condition (β=-0.522, p<.05) and perceived stress (β=-0.632, p<.001).

Conclusion: The overall HRQOL score was considerably good in this study. Timely detection, regular motivation and attending clinical condition may significantly improve the HRQOL of thyroid cancer patients

JOPSOM 2019; 38(2): 1-8


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How to Cite

Hossain, A. F., Islam, M. Z., & Khatun, S. F. (2020). Health Related Quality of Life of Thyroid Cancer Patients: HRQL of thyroid cancer patients. Journal of Preventive and Social Medicine, 38(2), 1–8.



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