Health Related Quality of Life of Thyroid Cancer Patients
HRQL of thyroid cancer patients
Keywords:HRQOL, Thyroid Cancer Patient, Clinical Attributes
Background: Having the longevity of thyroid cancer patients, any impairment in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) during the follow-up period is of great importance.
Objective: The study was conducted to determine the health related quality of life of thyroid cancer patients.
Material and methods: This cross sectional study was conducted among 246thyroid cancer patients. Data were collected by face-to-face interview and reviewing medical records with semi-structured questionnaire and checklist with validated scale. The subjects were purposively selected following specific selection criteria and maintaining ethical issues.
Place and period of study: The study was conducted during the period from July 2018-June 2019 in two tertiary hospitals of Dhaka city: Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University and Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka.
Results: This study revealed that majority (74.4%) of respondents was female, married (72%), housewife (61.4%), rural respondent (41.1%) and had primary education (69%). Mean (± SD) age of the respondent was 37.85(±12.20) years (range 14-70 years) and mean (± SD) monthly family income was Tk.17681(±10602). Out of 246 cases, 204 (82.9%) was papillary and 42 (17.1%) was follicular carcinoma. Main presenting features were neck swelling (91.5%), swollen lymph node (41.9%), dysphonia (57.3%) and dysphagia (35.4%). Mean (± SD) of total HRQOL score was 73.7 ± 8.39. HRQOL score of students and higher educated patients were better among the respective groups (p <.001). The study showed the association of HRQOL with clinical condition of thyroid cancer patients (R2=.025). HRQOL revealed the strong prediction with education (β=-0.888, p<.05), family income (β=0.05, p<.05), marital status (β=-0.1.384, p<.05), clinical condition (β=-0.522, p<.05) and perceived stress (β=-0.632, p<.001).
Conclusion: The overall HRQOL score was considerably good in this study. Timely detection, regular motivation and attending clinical condition may significantly improve the HRQOL of thyroid cancer patients
JOPSOM 2019; 38(2): 1-8
How to Cite
Authors who publish in the Journal of Preventive and Social Medicine (JOPSOM) agree to the following terms that:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the Journal of Preventive and Social Medicine (JOPSOM) the right of first publication of the work.
Articles in the Journal of Preventive and Social Medicine (JOPSOM) are Open Access articles published under the Creative Commons CC BY-NC License Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0). This license permits Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material.