Determination of Risk Factors for Pre-eclampsia in a Tertiary Hospital of Bangladesh: A Descriptive Study

Authors

  • Afroza Ghani Professor, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Israt Jahan Ila Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Khandaker Shehneela Tasmin Junior Consultant, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Rooh E Zakaria Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Jannat Ara Ferdows Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Nasrin Sultana Assistant Professor, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Sheikh Hasina Medical College, Jamalpur, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jssmc.v13i1.60923

Keywords:

Pre-eclampsia, Risk factors, Primigravida, Morbidity, Mortality

Abstract

Background: Pre-eclampsia (PE), a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy is estimated to complicate 2%-8% of pregnancies and remains a principal cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The identification of its predisposing factors in the pre-pregnancy and initial stage of pregnancy will help in reducing the morbidity and mortality.

Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the risk factors for PE among pregnant women in a tertiary level hospital.

Methods: This study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College & Hospital, a tertiary care hospital in Dhaka, Bangladesh, from January to December 2019. A total number of 50 pregnant women with pre-eclampsia, who got admitted in this hospital were selected as study group. This was a hospital based descriptive study.

Results: Most of the participants were within 35-45 years of age group and mean age 38.92 ± 2.21. The factors that were found to be significant predictors of risk for development of PE were primigravida, inadequate education, low socio-economic status, past history of PE or hypertension and family history of PE or hypertension.

J Shaheed Suhrawardy Med Coll 2021; 13(1): 3-7

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Published

2022-08-04

How to Cite

Ghani, A. ., Ila, I. J. ., Tasmin, K. S. ., Zakaria, R. E., Ferdows, J. A. ., & Sultana, N. . (2022). Determination of Risk Factors for Pre-eclampsia in a Tertiary Hospital of Bangladesh: A Descriptive Study. Journal of Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, 13(1), 3–7. https://doi.org/10.3329/jssmc.v13i1.60923

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Original Articles