Role of Oxygenation in Moderate COVID-19 Pneumonia with High Flow Nasal Cannula and Standard Non-Rebreathing Mask: A Comparative Study

Authors

  • Prosanjit Mazumder Anaesthesiologist, Department of Anaesthesia & ICU, Sir Salimullah Medical College Mitford Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Chandan Kumar Banik Assistant Professor, Department of Anaesthesiology, National Institute of Ophthalmology& Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Ajit Kumar Basak Anaesthesiologist, Department of Anaesthesia & ICU, SirSalimullah Medical College Mitford Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • AZM Saifuddin Assistant Professor, Department of Anaesthesiology, National Institute of Neurosciences & Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • AKM Habibullah Assistant Professor, Department of Anaesthesia, Analgesia, ICU, BSM Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Goutam Chandra Ghosh Consultant, Department of Anaesthesia & ICU, Sir Salimullah Medical College and Mitford Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/ssmcj.v31i2.69447

Keywords:

COVID-19, Hypoxemia, High Flow Nasal Cannula, Non rebreathing mask, Oxygen Therapy, Pneumonia

Abstract

Background: To evaluate the effectiveness of High Flow Nasal Cannula (HFNC) and standard non rebreathing mask (NRBM) as oxygen delivery device, in moderate cases of COVID-19 Pneumonia.

Methods: A single-centre, prospective analysis conducted at KBFGH. Eighty enrolled patients were randomly divided into two groups according to the oxygen delivery device used. Group 1 (n = 40) received HFNC and group 2 (n = 40) received NRBM as initial oxygen delivery device, to maintain a target saturation of e” 96% in both groups. The success rate of oxygen therapy, time to progression to severe disease, PaO2, PaO2/FiO2 ratio, respiratory rate, heart rate, blood pressure, number of patients requiring NIV or endotracheal intubation, time for de-escalation of oxygen therapy to lower Fio2 device and patient satisfaction level were compared among the two groups.

Results: Demographic, clinical variables and treatment given were comparable in the two groups. In the HFNC group 83.3% patients had successful outcomes with the initial oxygen therapy device used as compared to 66.6% in the NRBM group. However, the use of HFNC resulted in improved oxygenation (P < 0.001), better patient satisfaction (P < 0.001) and shorter time for de-escalation of oxygen therapy to a lower FIO2 device (3.75 ± 1.032 vs. 6.83 ± 0.928).

Conclusions: HFNC is a reliable oxygen therapy modality for moderate category COVID- 19 pneumonia that results in better oxygenation and a greater patient satisfaction level as compared to a non-rebreathing mask.

Sir Salimullah Med Coll J 2023; 31: 79-85

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Published

2023-10-31

How to Cite

Mazumder, P., Banik, C. K., Basak, A. K. ., Saifuddin, A. ., Habibullah, A., & Ghosh, G. C. (2023). Role of Oxygenation in Moderate COVID-19 Pneumonia with High Flow Nasal Cannula and Standard Non-Rebreathing Mask: A Comparative Study. Sir Salimullah Medical College Journal, 31(2), 79–85. https://doi.org/10.3329/ssmcj.v31i2.69447

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Original Article