Evaluation of Pneumonia Among Under-five Hospitalized Children – A Study in A Tertiary Level Military Hospital in Bangladesh

Authors

  • Munshi Sariful Islam Classified Specialist in Paediatrics, CMH, Jashore
  • Mahbuba Sultana Principal , Army Medical College Jashore and Advisor Specialist in Paediatrics& Pulmologist. CMH Jashore
  • Towhida Khan Classified Specialist in Radiology & Imaging, CMH, Jashore
  • Bijoy Kumar Das Classified Specialist in Paediatrics, CMH, Jashore

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bafmj.v56i2.73001

Keywords:

Pneumonia, Fever, Cough, Chest indrawing, Antibiotics

Abstract

Background: Pneumonia is one of the leading causes of mortality among under-five children contributing to 15% of deaths all over the world. More than 95% of all new cases of pneumonia in children less than 5 years occur in developing countries. The aim of this study is to evaluate the socio-demographic characteristics, clinical profile, laboratory parameters and management of hospitalized children presenting with pneumonia.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 178 children aged between 02-59 months who were admitted into Paediatrics ward of Combined Military Hospital (CMH), Jashore during the period of July 2020 to December 2021were evaluated. Data were collected by a trained physician from history, clinical examinations, laboratory findings and chest x-ray immediately after admission using a structured questionnaire with purposive sampling technique. All x-ray films were evaluated by radiologist and paediatrician independently.

Results: A total of 178 cases suffering from pneumonia were studied. Among them majority (87.08%) of children were below 36 months of age with the highest frequency of pneumonia was seen bellow 12 months (42.70%) age group. 112(62.92%) patients were male and 66(37.08%) patients were female with male-female ratio 1.7:1. Most of the patients were of normal birth weight (81.46%), fully immunized (84.27%), better maternal education, from nuclear family (81.46%) and were exclusive breast feed (70.22%). Fever, cough, breathing difficulty, tachypnoea and crackles were present nearly all patients with pneumonia. Chest x-ray suggestive of bronchopneumonia in most of the cases (91.01%). All patients received antibiotics, duration of hospital stay ranged from 03 to 14 days, mean stay was about 05 days. Nearly all the patients (97.52%) were recovered and discharged with advice.

Conclusion: Most of the patients with pneumonia were below 36 months of age with male predominance. Fever, cough, fast or difficult breathing were as a feature of pneumonia. Prompt administration of antibiotics to children with pneumonia significantly reduces the morbidity and mortality.

Bangladesh Armed Forces Med J Vol 56 No (2) December 2023, pp 31-37       

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Published

2024-05-13

How to Cite

Islam, M. S. ., Sultana, M. ., Khan, T. ., & Das, B. K. . (2024). Evaluation of Pneumonia Among Under-five Hospitalized Children – A Study in A Tertiary Level Military Hospital in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Armed Forces Medical Journal, 56(2), 31–37. https://doi.org/10.3329/bafmj.v56i2.73001

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