Evaluation of Keratoconus Patients Refractive Status Before and after Corneal Collagen Cross-linking

Authors

  • Shafiul Ashraf Rubel Classified Specialist in Ophthalmology, BGB Hospital, Dhaka
  • Natasha Kajmina Classified Specialist in Ophthalmology, CMH, Dhaka
  • Md Kamrul Hasan Khan Ex- Adviser, Specialist in Ophthalmology, CMH, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bafmj.v56i2.73003

Keywords:

Progressive Keratoconus, Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking, Refractive Status

Abstract

Background: Corneal Collagen Cross Linking (CXL) incorporated with riboflavin solution activated by UV (Ultraviolet) irradiation is a modern promising treatment protocol for keratoconus. Evaluation of the clinical effect of CXL treatment on keratoconus patients was the aim of this study.

Methods: This Quasi Experimental (before-and-after) study was comprised with 50 patients, having progressive keratoconus (progression was documented by Corneal Topography), reported to Cornea Clinic, CMH Dhaka, from February 2022 to January 2023. Before and after the CXL procedure; un-corrected and best-corrected visual acuity of study population was documented using Snellen visual acuity chart. Auto-refractometry readings were also noted.

Results: Among the 50 study subjects; 26 (52%) were men and 24 (48%) were female, age was 24.14 ± 5.07 (mean+SD) years and age range was 18-35 years. Mean preoperative spherical power was −1.84 ± 0.82 Diopter (D) and mean cylindrical power was −3.66 ± 0.97 D. Postoperatively, mean spherical power was found −1.15 ± 0.55 D and mean cylindrical power was −2.87 ± 0.99 D. After CXL treatment; significant vision improvement found in 15 (30%) patients (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Despite strengthening the corneal stromal collagen bond and halting the keratoconus progression, CXL treatment stabilize the refractive status of keratoconus patient and also in some extent, it improves vision.

Bangladesh Armed Forces Med J Vol 56 No (2) December 2023, pp 45-50 

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Published

2024-05-13

How to Cite

Rubel, . S. A. ., Kajmina, . N. ., & Khan, M. K. H. . (2024). Evaluation of Keratoconus Patients Refractive Status Before and after Corneal Collagen Cross-linking. Bangladesh Armed Forces Medical Journal, 56(2), 45–50. https://doi.org/10.3329/bafmj.v56i2.73003

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