Comparative efficacy of imported fowl pox virus vaccine with locally produced one in backyard chicks

Authors

  • MR Islam Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • MSR Khan Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • MA Islam Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • MEH Kayesh Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • MR Karim Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • MO Gani Goat and Sheep Production Research Division, BLRI, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • A Kabir Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjvm.v6i1.1334

Keywords:

Efficacy, fowl pox virus vaccine, backyard chicks, age

Abstract

A total of 80 experimentally reared backyard chicks with the history of non-vaccinated parents to FPV vaccine were used for the determination of persistence of maternally derived antibody in chicks and to compare the efficacy of Poxine® and DLS-FPV vaccine in protecting the chicks. Chicks were divided into five groups namely group A, B, C, D and E where each group contained 15 chicks except group A contained 20 chicks which was also used to determine the persistence of maternally derived antibody (MDA). Birds of group B and C were vaccinated with DLS-FPV at day 22 and 18 respectively through wing web puncture (WWP), whereas group D and E were vaccinated with Poxine® at day 36 and 18 respectively. Sera were randomly colleted from 10 chicks of each group at 7, 14 and 21 days of post vaccination for the determination of antibody titre using PHA test. Ten chickens from each group were challenged three weeks post vaccination with 106 EID50/0.1ml. "Take reaction" was recorded to assess the better immune response in different groups after vaccination. Birds of group B, C, D and E showed 100, 86.67, 93 and 86.67% "take reaction", respectively. The highest Mean PHA titre was found 217.60 ± 19.55 in the chicks of group B. After challenge, the birds of group B and D showed 100% protection, whereas birds of group C and E showed 93.33% protection and control group showed no protection. From the results of PHA test it may be concluded that both Poxine® and DLS-FPV vaccines are equally suitable and the chicks of nonvaccinated origin might be vaccinated with DLS-FPV at day 18 or 22 and 36 in case of Poxine® fowl pox virus vaccine.

Key words: Efficacy, fowl pox virus vaccine, backyard chicks, age

DOI = 10.3329/bjvm.v6i1.1334

Bangl. J. Vet. Med. (2008). 6 (1): 23-26

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Avian Medicine