Comparative efficacy of analgesic and anaesthetic drugs for high epidural analgesia in black bengal goats

Authors

  • RA Runa Department of Surgery and Obstetrics, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • MA Hashim Department of Surgery and Obstetrics, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • MA Hossain Department of Surgery and Obstetrics, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • AAM Bhuyan Department of Surgery and Obstetrics, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • MS Alam Holy Family Red Crescent Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjvm.v6i1.1347

Keywords:

Analgesics, anaesthetics, high epidural analgesia, goats

Abstract

The effects of analgesic and anaesthetic drugs on high epidural analgesia in Black Bengal goats were investigated. The animals were divided into five groups (n=8) and a replication of 8 trials was performed in each group at least one week interval. Two percent (2%) lidocaine hydrochloride, 0.5% bupivacaine hydrochloride, 2% lidocaine hydrochloride with adrenaline, ketamine hydrochloride and diazepam were administered into lumbo-sacral (high epidural) space for high epidural analgesia. Bupivacaine hydrochloride significantly (P < 0.05) decreased respiration rates, rectal temperature, however, increased heart rates during high epidural analgesia with prolonged analgesia compared to other drugs. Lidocaine hydrochloride showed a rapid onset and excellent analgesia and did not produce any side effects whereas, diazepam exhibited delay onset with short duration of analgesia. It seems that 2% lidocaine hydrochloride is effective for high epidural analgesia in goats.

Key words: Analgesics, anaesthetics, high epidural analgesia, goats

DOI = 10.3329/bjvm.v6i1.1347

Bangl. J. Vet. Med. (2008). 6 (1): 103-106

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Food Animal Medicine