Occurrence of reproductive diseases of cattle at Saturia, Manikgonj
Keywords:Reproductive diseases, Cattle, Manikgonj
The present investigation was undertaken to determine the clinical trend of reproductive diseases and disorders of cows at Saturia Government Veterinary Hospital, Manikgonj. More than 4 years (January 2007 to April 2011) data were collected from the patient register. The recording of animal description and owners complaint, and diagnosis of diseases or disorders of cattle were performed by the Government Veterinary Surgeon. A total of 10652 cases were collected and examined of which 61.0% (n=6496) were cattle. The lowest occurrence of diseases or disorders was in cattle at less than 1 year of age (10.44%; n=678) and the highest occurrence was in cows at 5-8 years of age (43.39%; n=2814). The occurrence of diseases or disorders that needed treatment by medicine expert was the highest (86.98%) and the occurrence of diseases or disorders that needed treatment by reproduction expert was the lowest (5.51%). Eight major reproduction related diseases and disorders were diagnosed among 5.51%, n=358 registered sick cows. The highest proportion of cows was diagnosed as anoestrus (22.35%; n=80) followed by retained placenta (20.39%; n=73), repeat breeding (19.27%; n=69), dystocia (13.69%; n=49), utero-vaginal prolapse (13.40%; n=48), pyometra (8.66%; n=31), abortion (1.95%; n=7) and ovarian cysts (0.28%; n=1). Eight major diseases and disorders were diagnosed among 7.50%, n=488 cattle registered with surgery related complaints. The highest proportion of cattle was affected with myiasis (23.98%; n=117) followed by hump sore (22.54%; n=110), lameness (19.08%; n=93), atresia ani (13.32%; n=65), umbilical hernia (10.45%; n=51), upward patellar fixation (5.33%; n=26), abscess (3.39%; n=19) and horn fracture (1.43%; n=7). In conclusion, the highest occurrence of anoestrus and retained placenta is very alarming which needs further research to decrease the occurrence of such disorders of cows in population.
Bangl. J. Vet. Med. (2013). 11 (2): 121-125
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