Retrospective study of clinical diseases and disorders of cattle in Sirajganj district in Bangladesh
Keywords:Retrospective study, disease, disorder, Sirajganj,
A retrospective-epidemiological study of cattle diseases/disorders was conducted at Baghabari Milking zone of Bangladesh starting from June 2008 to May 2012. Out of 22066 cases, 73.95% and 17.16% diseases/disorders were recorded in cows and calves respectively. About 58.42%, 23.56% 12.48% and 5.54% cases were general and systemic, infectious, production and reproductive and surgical diseases/disorders respectively. The most common general and systemic diseases/disorders were fever (17.91%), anorexia (17.55%) and weakness (14.71%). Among infectious diseases, 78.2%, 7.02% and 6.32% respectively were mastitis, FMD and black quarter. The predominant production and reproductive diseases were milk fever (33.48%), repeat breeder (17.10%), retained placenta (14.27%), metritis (13.11) and anestrous (11.44%). The most common surgical disorders were navel ill (46.9%), wound (20.19%), abscess (8.99%) and urolithiasis (8.67%). Statistically significant variation of diseases in different seasons was also noted. We recommend for undertaking research focusing on the causes of fever, anorexia and weakness as they were the most predominant general and systemic disorders of cattle. Control measure should be initiated to reduce the burden of mastitis, repeat breeder, retained placenta and anestrous which were most common production and reproductive diseases in the study area. A case control study may help to reveal the factors responsible for such a high level of occurrence of navel ill in calves. This study generated information which is valuable not only for the clinicians, researchers, animal health companies and policy planners but also for the academicians to update veterinary curricula.
Bangl. J. Vet. Med. (2013).11(2): 137-144
BradleyAJ (2002). Bovine mastitis: an evolving disease. The Veterinary Journal 164(2): 116-128.
Berry EA and Hillerton JE (2002). The effect of selective dry cow treatment on new intramammary infections. Journal of Dairy Science85(1): 112-121.
Das BC and Hashim MA (1996). Studies on surgical affections in calves. Bangladesh Veterinary Journal. 30: 53-57
Directorate of Livestock Services (1998). Charjochrome O Chromobicus. Published By DLS,Dhaka-1215.P. 81.
Gorden PJ and Plummer P (2010). Control, management, and prevention of bovinerespiratory disease in dairy calves and cows. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice 26:243-259.
Hashim MA and Das BR (1997). Clinicall aspects of some surgical affections in calves. Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science. 26:13-19.
Hoque MS and Samad MA (1996). Prevalence of clinical diseases in dairy cross-bred cows and calves in the urban areas in Dhaka. Bangladesh Veterinary Journal. 30:118-129.
Hossain MA, Shaidullah M and Ali MA (1986). A report on surgical diseases and reproductive disorders recorded at the veterinary hospital of Bangladesh Agriculture University, Mymensingh. Bangladesh Veterinary Journal. 20:1-5.
Kelly,WR (1979). Veterinary Clinical Diagnosis, Second Ed.1974. Bailliere, Tandall and Cassel Ltd. London 39-102.
Khair A, AlamMM, RahmanAKMA, IslamMT, Azim A and ChowdhuryEH (2013). Incidence of reproductive and production diseases of cross-bred dairy cattle in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine 11(1): 31-36.
Pharo HJ (1987). Analysis of clinical case records from dairy co-operatives in Bangladesh. Tropical Animal Health Production. 19:136-142.
Radostits OM, Gay CC, Hinchcliff KW and Constable PD (2007). A textbook of the diseases of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs and goats. Veterinary Medicine. 10th ed. London: Saunders.
Rahman MA, Ali KM and Rahman A (1972). Incidence of diseases of cattle in Mymensignh. Bangladesh Veterinary Journal 6:25-30.
Rahman MM, Ali M and Hashem A (1997). Livestock disease problems in a selected area of Sherpur district. Bangladesh Journal of Training and Development 12: 205-210.
Rahman MS, Nooruddin M and Rahman MM (1997). Prevalence and distribution of mastitis in cross-bred and exotic dairy cows. Bangladesh Veterinarian. 14:1-4.
M. A. S. Sarker and others
Rweyemamu M, Roeder P, Mackay D, Sumption K, Brownlie J, Leforban Y, Valarcher JF, Knowles NJ and Saraiva V (2008). Epidemiological Patterns of Foot?and?Mouth Disease Worldwide. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases 55 (1): 57-72.
Rosenberger G (1979). Clinical examination of Cattle 2nd edn., Varlag Paul Parey, Berlin, Germany.
Samad M A (2011). Public health threat caused by zoonotic diseases in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine 9 (2):95-120.
Samad MA (1996). Poshu Palon O Chikisabidhya. Ist Pub. LE Prokasoni, BAU Camus, Mymensingh.
Samad MA (2001). Observation of clinical diseases in ruminants at the Bangladesh Agriculture University veterinary clinic. Bangladesh Veterinary Journal 35:93-120.
Sarker MAS, Hashim MA, Rahman MB and Begum H (1999). Studies on prevalence of diseases of animals (medicinal and surgical) in a Thana of Bangladesh. Progressive Agriculture 10:165-167.
Smith KL, Hogan JS and Weiss WP (1997). Dietary vitamin E and selenium affect mastitis and milk quality. Journal of Animal Science75(6): 1659-1665.
Tyler JW, Fox LK,Parish SM, Swain J, Johnson DL, Grasseschi HA and Gant R (1997). Effect of feed availability on post-milking standing time in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Research64(04): 617-620.
Waltner-Toews D, Martin SW and Meek AH (1986). Dairy calf management, morbidityand mortality in Ontario Holstein herds. IV. Association of managementwith mortality. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 4:159-171.