MOLECULAR DETECTION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF ESCHERICHIA COLI ISOLATED FROM RAW MILK SOLD IN DIFFERENT MARKETS OF BANGLADESH
The study was intended for molecular detection of E. coli isolated from raw cows milk. A total of 20 milk samples were collected from different upazila markets of Jamalpur, Tangail, Kishoreganj and Netrokona districts of Bangladesh. Milk samples were cultured onto various culture media for the isolation of bacteria. The isolated bacteria were identified by studying staining characteristics, cultural properties on different selective media, biochemical tests, catalase and coagulase test, and finally by PCR. Out of 20 samples, 15 (75%) milk samples were found positive for E. coli. 15 Escherichia coli isolates were amplified by 16S rRNA gene based PCR. Antimicrobial sensitivity test was carried out to ascertain the susceptibility of the organism to various antibiotics. Its results showed that the E. coli isolates were resistant to amoxycillin (86.67%) and erythromycin (73.33%) but sensitive to azithromycin (53.33%), ciprofloxacin (86.67%), gentamicin (86.67%), norfloxacin (80%) and streptomycin (66.67%).