ROTAVIRUS INFECTION IN HUMAN AND BIRDS
Keywords:Human rotavirus, avian rotavirus, polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis, electropherotypes
An epidemiological study on rotavirus infection using 315 stool specimens from hospitalized diarrhoeic human patients and 251 fecal specimens from diarrheic birds (broiler) wear examined by RNA polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis and silver staining (PAGE-SS) technique. Rotavirus was detected in 35.28% (111/315) stool specimens. The highest rate of rotavirus infection in human was detected in the winter (45.94%), particularly in the month of December to January (44%-51%). The rotavirus diarrhea was found slightly higher in male (35.97%) than female (34.12%). Rotavirus was detected in 13.15% (33/251) birds' fecal specimens. The birds were affected by the rotavirus, showing only the long RNA electropherotype. The antigenic studies with reference to subgroups and serotypes specificity and its zoonotic potential needs to be studied further.