Dermatoglyphic Assessment in Male Down Syndrome

Authors

  • Rehana Parveen Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Army Medical College Bogura, Bogura cantonment, Bogura, Bangladesh
  • Md Shamsur Rahman Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Community Based Medical College, Bangladesh, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
  • Mahmuda Ahmed Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, East-West Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Md Ashraful Azim Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Dhaka Community Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Zeenatul Momena Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Green Life Medical College & Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Mohammad Nahid Salman Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Monno Medical College, Manikganj, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/cbmj.v11i2.61284

Keywords:

Dermatoglyphics, dermal ridges, down syndrome, mongolism, triradius angles, pattern intensity

Abstract

Down syndrome (DS) is the most common chromosomal disorder which causes intellectual disability. It is mainly because of the presence of extra copy of chromosome number 21. Dermatoglyphic has been well established as a diagnostic aid in number of diseases having hereditary basis. Dermatoglyphic data was obtained by the use of ink and prints on a paper. This cross-sectional, analytical type of study was performed at the Department of Anatomy, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka from January 2017 to December 2017 on 40 Down syndrome subjects (age ranged from 6 to 16) selected from Society for the Welfare of the Intellectually Disabled, Bangladesh (SWID, Bangladesh) and Down Syndrome Society of Bangladesh (DSS) and compared with 40 controls for the establishment of comparison between two groups. Dermatoglyphic prints were used to evaluate the difference in „atd‟ „dat‟ „adt‟ angles and pattern intensity between the control and the DS individuals. The results showed that „atd‟ angle was significantly higher (p<0.05) in Down males than the controls. The dactylography study also revealed lower „dat‟ „adt‟ angles (p<0.05) and pattern intensity (p<0.001) in both hands of Down syndrome group. This method is non-invasive and cost effective. The observed changes in the „atd‟ „dat‟ and „adt‟ angles plus the patterns intensity in the dermatoglyphic study proved that this simple technique could be a valuable tool for selecting individuals of DS for cytogenetic analysis.

CBMJ 2022 July: vol. 11 no. 02 P: 144-151

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Published

2022-08-17

How to Cite

Parveen, R. ., Rahman, M. S. ., Ahmed, M. ., Azim, M. A. ., Momena, Z. ., & Salman, M. N. . (2022). Dermatoglyphic Assessment in Male Down Syndrome. Community Based Medical Journal, 11(2), 144–151. https://doi.org/10.3329/cbmj.v11i2.61284

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Original Articles