Seroprevalence of Chikungunya Virus Infection in an Urban Slum Population of Bangladesh: A Cross-Sectional Study

Authors

  • Mohammad Tanvir Islam Associate Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7598-2550
  • M Atiqul Haque
  • Afifa Anjum Research Assistant, Department of Public Health and Informatics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka
  • Afzalun Nessa Department of Virology, Department of Public Health and Informatics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka
  • Shahrin Emdad Rayna Research Assistant, Department of Public Health and Informatics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka
  • Sharmin Sultana Assitant Professor, Department of Virology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka
  • Fahmida Afroz Khan Research Assistant, Department of Public Health and Informatics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka
  • Sharraf Samin Research Assistant, Department of Public Health and Informatics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka
  • Md Khalequzzaman Associate Professor, Department of Public Health and Informatics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jcamr.v9i1.59737

Keywords:

Seroprevalence, chikungunya, slum area, IgG, IgM, Bangladesh

Abstract

Background: Chikungunya virus is common in Bangladesh.

Objective: The aim of the study was to estimate the post-outbreak seroprevalence of chikungunya virus infection in a Bangladeshi urban slum population.

Methodology: From April to May 2018, a cross-sectional study was conducted in Bauniabadh, an underprivileged slum area in Mirpur Thana (subdistrict), Dhaka, Bangladesh. Randomly selected residents of this area were interviewed and screened for chikungunya IgM and IgG antibodies in sera using the immunochromatographic process.

Results: Randomly selected 403 residents were recruited of which 200 cases were male and 203 cases were female. Chikungunya seroprevalence was 4.7% cases with males being more vulnerable than females (6.5% vs. 3.0% ). People over the age of 60 years were found to be infected at a higher rate (7.2%) than people between the ages of 18 and 59 years (5.5%) and those in the pediatric age group (1%). During the outbreak, 22% of patients with joint pain and 17% with fever were diagnosed as having chikungunya. Conclusion Urban slum people, especially the elderly, are affected by chikungunya outbreak in Bangladesh characterized by fever and joint pain.

Journal of Current and Advance Medical Research, January 2022;9(1):3-8

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Published

2022-05-19

How to Cite

Islam, M. T., Haque, M. A. ., Anjum, A., Nessa, A., Rayna, S. E., Sultana, S., Khan, F. A., Samin, S., & Khalequzzaman, M. (2022). Seroprevalence of Chikungunya Virus Infection in an Urban Slum Population of Bangladesh: A Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Current and Advance Medical Research, 9(1), 3–8. https://doi.org/10.3329/jcamr.v9i1.59737

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Section

Original Articles