Types and Clinical Profile of Rickets in a Tertiary Care Hospital

Authors

  • Shohela Akhter Assistant Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka
  • M Mahbubul Islam Consultant, Department of Paediatrics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka
  • M Hafiz Al Mamun Consultant, Department of Paediatrics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka
  • Shahana A Rahman Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka
  • Choudhury Ali Kawser Professor & Chairman, Department of Paediatrics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bsmmuj.v2i1.3703

Keywords:

Rickets, nutritional, XLHR, RTA

Abstract

Background: There are different types of rickets. Rickets presents with various clinical signs and symptoms. Familial X linked hypophosphatamic rickets (XLHR) is reported to be the commonest one.

Objectives: To find out the types of rickets and the presenting features of rickets.

Setting: Department Paediatrics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU).

Design: Descriptive type of study.

Methods: A total number of 20 children with rickets were included in this study during the period of January 2004 to July 2008. A questionnaire was used for compiling the information. Data were compiled manually and expressed as frequency distribution table.

Result: Male: Female ratio was 13:7. Mean age of the patients was 49.36 months. Nutritional and familial hypophosphatamic rickets constituted the majority, each of the type being 40%. Common clinical presentations included limb weakness (90%), growth failure (90%) and repeated respiratory tract infection (80%). Widening of the wrist were present in 90% of patients. Rachitic rosary and protruded abdomen were present in 80% of cases. Radiological findings of rickets were present in 100% of patients.

Conclusion: Nutritional and XLHR rickets were the common type. Common clinical features were weakness of limbs, growth failure and widening of wrists.

Key words: Rickets; nutritional; XLHR; RTA.

DOI: 10.3329/bsmmuj.v2i1.3703

BSMMU J 2009; 2(1): 3-7

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How to Cite

Akhter, S., Islam, M. M., Al Mamun, M. H., Rahman, S. A., & Kawser, C. A. (2009). Types and Clinical Profile of Rickets in a Tertiary Care Hospital. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal, 2(1), 3–7. https://doi.org/10.3329/bsmmuj.v2i1.3703

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Original Articles