Types and Clinical Profile of Rickets in a Tertiary Care Hospital
Keywords:Rickets, nutritional, XLHR, RTA
Background: There are different types of rickets. Rickets presents with various clinical signs and symptoms. Familial X linked hypophosphatamic rickets (XLHR) is reported to be the commonest one.
Objectives: To find out the types of rickets and the presenting features of rickets.
Setting: Department Paediatrics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU).
Design: Descriptive type of study.
Methods: A total number of 20 children with rickets were included in this study during the period of January 2004 to July 2008. A questionnaire was used for compiling the information. Data were compiled manually and expressed as frequency distribution table.
Result: Male: Female ratio was 13:7. Mean age of the patients was 49.36 months. Nutritional and familial hypophosphatamic rickets constituted the majority, each of the type being 40%. Common clinical presentations included limb weakness (90%), growth failure (90%) and repeated respiratory tract infection (80%). Widening of the wrist were present in 90% of patients. Rachitic rosary and protruded abdomen were present in 80% of cases. Radiological findings of rickets were present in 100% of patients.
Conclusion: Nutritional and XLHR rickets were the common type. Common clinical features were weakness of limbs, growth failure and widening of wrists.
Key words: Rickets; nutritional; XLHR; RTA.
BSMMU J 2009; 2(1): 3-7