Association of single nucleotide polymorphism in patatin like phopholipase domain containing 3 (PNPLA3) gene with paediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Authors

  • Rubaiyat Alam Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6140-7571
  • Kaniz Fathema Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition Sir Salimullah medical college & Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Md Rukunuzzaman Pediatric Endocrinology wing, Department of Pediatrics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Khan Lamia Nahid Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Sharmin Mahbuba Pediatric Endocrinology wing, Department of Pediatrics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Lubana Akram Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1501-0821
  • Abu Naser Ibne Sattar Department of Microbiology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bsmmuj.v16i3.68260

Keywords:

children, fatty liver, obesity, PNPLA3 gene, single nucleotide polymorphism

Abstract

Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most unabating cause of chronic liver disease in children and adolescents. This study aimed to examine the association of single nucleotide polymorphism in patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 3 (PNPLA3) gene with paediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Methods: This case-control study was conducted from June 2021 to December 2022. Fifty-one overweight children aged 6–17 years were recruited in this study and divided into NAFLD (cases) and non-NAFLD (controls) groups based on hepatic steatosis detected by liver ultrasonography. We analysed the rs738409 polymorphism by TaqMan assay and examined its association with NAFLD.

Results: Thirty-one (60.8%) children were in the case group and 20 (39.2%) children were in the control group. Alanine aminotransferase (P<0.001) and triglycerides (P=0.02) were found to be significantly higher in cases. However, no significant association was found between the PNPLA3 rs738409 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and the presence of NAFLD in children.

Conclusion: Our study didn't find any association between PNPLA3 rs 738409 single nucleotide polymorphisms and presence of NAFLD in children, but we discovered that high alanine aminotransferase  and triglycerides level can be useful in screening overweight children for NAFLD.

 

Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal 2023;16(3): 139-143

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Published

2023-09-27

How to Cite

Alam, R., Fathema, K., Rukunuzzaman, M., Nahid, K. L., Mahbuba, S., Akram, L., & Sattar, A. N. I. (2023). Association of single nucleotide polymorphism in patatin like phopholipase domain containing 3 (PNPLA3) gene with paediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal, 16(3), 139–143. https://doi.org/10.3329/bsmmuj.v16i3.68260

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